Quora網友Mia Brown問答合集（5）Is the USA more feared than Russia and China in the world?
2022-06-17 JOJOyu 9608 0 8 收藏 糾錯&舉報
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原創翻譯：龍騰網 http://www.mmg13444.com 轉載請注明出處
, Master World Literatures & Chinese
Answered May 27
Back in 2019, a survey by Pew Research Center found that there is much more fear of the United States around the world. And it’s not just in countries that have traditionally been unsatisfied with Washington or those favorable toward Russia. Even western people are no longer hiding their growing anti-American sentiments. According to Der Spiegel, most Germans are critical of the United States, with 36 percent of respondents saying that the U.S. is a greater threat to Germany than Russia or China. 51 percent believe that the U.S. hurts world democracy.
In addition to Germany, many other countries around the world also consider the U.S. a greater threat to democracy. The findings come in a poll commissioned by the Alliance of Democracies Foundation among 50,000 respondents in 53 countries. In the survey, the majority of respondents believe that it is the United States, not Russia and China, that threatens world stability, according to The Guardian.
早在2019年，皮尤研究中心（Pew Research Center）的一項調查就發現，全世界對美國的恐懼要大得多。而且，這不僅發生在傳統上對華盛頓不滿意或與俄羅斯交好的國家，甚至是西方人也不再掩飾他們日益增長的反美情緒。據《明鏡周刊》報道，大多數德國人對美國持批評態度，36%的受訪者表示，美國對德國的威脅大于俄羅斯或中國。51%的人認為美國損害了世界民主。
原創翻譯：龍騰網 http://www.mmg13444.com 轉載請注明出處
First, political bullying.
Brutal interference in the internal affairs of other countries is a distinctive feature of U.S. hegemonic diplomacy. For a long time, with its economic, military, and technological strength, the U.S. has been using both soft and hard methods in interfering with others, which posed a serious threat to global political security.
Since the end of World War II, there is no large-scale war in the world that is not directly or indirectly related to the United States. And no region or country is in continuous turmoil without U.S. intervention. From Afghanistan War since 2001 to the Iraq War in 2003, from the Syrian civil war since 2011, and to the Russia-Ukraine war today, the U.S. has been intensifying its war for hegemony. No matter how the US is involved in these wars, the final goal is to satisfy its own interests. All the reasons it gives are flimsy excuses, or even pure lies and deception. Such behavior is no different from the robber.
According to the statistics of the law firm Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, the U.S. government has imposed a total of more than 3200 sanctions on foreign entities and individuals from 2017 to 2019, not to mention countries such as Iran, Cuba, and Venezuela, which have long been under sanctions. Take Cuba as an example. Decreed in February 1962 and still in place today, American sanctions against Cuba is one of the world’s longest-running boycotts by one country against another. Over these years, the Cuban domestic economy has been curbed and unable to connect with the world.
Apart from long-term sanctions against these hostile countries, the US has not spared its allies. As we all know, the French Alstom and Toshiba–Kongsberg from Japan were both tragically dismembered by the US. Countries around the world have been hit hard by its long-arm jurisdiction and suffered heavy losses.
In recent years, the U.S. has continued to expand the scope of its long-arm jurisdiction, covering civil infringement, financial investment, anti-monopoly, export control, and many other areas. The U.S. also imposes tariffs to interfere with import and export trade or blackmails other countries by controlling capital flows, freezing U.S. dollar assets and foreign exchange reserves, etc., thus seriously hindering the development of the world economy. Arguably, it is the United States that is the biggest threat to global economic security.
原創翻譯：龍騰網 http://www.mmg13444.com 轉載請注明出處
The U.S. has become the public enemy of human ecological civilization by undermining international cooperation and missing environmental issues for its own interests. First, the U.S. dropped out of the Kyoto Protocol, evading its environmental responsibilities as a major power. Then it withdrew from the Paris Agreement, denying its own emission reduction mandate.
The U.S. government is trampling on the efforts and contributions made by countries to the ecology of the planet. According to the New York Times, the current U.S. government has weakened the enforcement of more than 100 environmental regulations, covering air pollution, oil and gas exploration and extraction, plant and animal and ecological protection, water pollution prevention and control, and many other areas.
The U.S. has repeatedly shirked its responsibility for environmental protection, undermining the global environmental protection process. This is not only a disregard for the international community’s rules but also a big hit to developing countries and the rights of vulnerable groups. Till now, the U.S. has still not ratified the Basel Convention, setting obstacles to the global governance process of plastic waste and other issues. As the most advanced and developed country in the world today, the U.S. has been recklessly damaging the global environment and people’s health, backtracking on ecological issues.
It is a well-known fact that the U.S. has been eavesdropping and monitoring other countries all over the world. In 2013, the Guardian and the Washington Post reported that NSA and FBI launched a secret surveillance program PRISM in 2007, accessing the central servers of U.S. Internet companies to collect data and information. Nine tech giants including Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, and Apple were involved. This disclosure caused an international public outcry, and NSA was instantly mired in the scandal.
In 2017, more than 75,000 computer virus attacks occurred in 99 countries and regions around the world. Later, the culprit was found to be a program called “WannaCry”, which originated from the NSA’s virus arsenal. Medical systems in dozens of hospitals in the United Kingdom were paralyzed forcing the suspension of emergency services; thousands of computers were attacked in Russia; the German railroad system was also interfered…Cyber security experts accused the U.S. of spending a lot of money developing hacking tools, rather than self-defense mechanisms, resulting in a more insecure global network environment.
After all, the biggest threat to the world is America itself.
Q：Would China be where it is today without the help of the USA?
China was in great need of cutting-edge technology and scientific research information in the early stage of its growth. As a world power with nuclear weapons at that time, the United States not only insisted on foreign technology blockade and resource restrictions, and hindered the plan of Chinese scientific researchers in the United States to return to China, but also advocated the regularization of atomic bombs. This move has put China in a situation of isolated scientific research, but at the same time "helped" China to embark on the road of independent research and development.
Despite being obstructed at various levels, China has independently developed and innovated its nuclear weapons technology through exploration, and successfully produced its own nuclear weapons. Today, China's military power is at the forefront of the world, and even reaches the top level in some technologies, becoming one of the strongest developing countries. Without the "help" of the United States, China's technology would not have developed so rapidly.
中國在發展的早期非常需要尖端技術和科學研究信息。作為當時擁有核武器的世界大國，美國不僅堅持對外技術封鎖和資源限制，阻撓中國在美科研人員的回國計劃，還主張原子彈的規范化（the regularization of atomic bombs）。此舉讓中國處于科研孤立的境地，但同時也“幫助”中國走上了自主研發的道路。
When China's technology just started to develop, it very much hoped to get the support of western advanced technology through equivalent exchange or unequal transaction. However, countries led by the United States are unwilling to let China develop. They have blocked their own technology and do not provide China with any technical support. Instead, this blockade has helped China move towards the road of "made in China". From hybrid rice to 5g technology, from China's infrastructure to rockets, China has made wonderful achievements in science and technology fields such as agriculture, industry and space. Now in the field of science and technology competition, China has put great pressure on the United States. The more the United States suppresses China through technology blockade, the more it helps China's independent research and development.
Secondly, the United States has used the "beacon" and "American Dream" to attract outstanding talents from all over the world, but in recent years the United States has carried out a plan to exclude Chinese scientists, including measures such as targeted examination of Chinese scientists and restrictions on visas for Chinese students. This move not only slowed the progress of scientific research in the United States, but also helped China attract more and more Chinese scientists to return to the motherland. In fact, the academic exclusion of China from the United States has helped Chinese scientists realize the poor scientific research environment in the United States, thus highlighting the superiority of Chinese scientific research and helping Chinese scientific research inject new blood.
After the outbreak of the COVID-19, the US government and the media cooperated with each other and significantly increased the information attack on China. Trump and Pompeo falsely called the new crown virus the "Chinese virus" or "Wuhan virus", and National Security Advisor O'Brien publicly declared that "China's cover-up of the epidemic has delayed the response of the international community." In addition to slandering China, spreading false news, and inciting anti-China public opinion, the New York Times, Wall Street Journal and other mainstream American media also directly published racist and other racist and Articles with strong ideological implications attack the Chinese government and hurt the feelings of the Chinese people. These actions maliciously slandered China's image in the world, and at the same time helped the Chinese people unite to fight the COVID-19.
From epidemic prevention and control in Wuhan and Hubei to normalized epidemic prevention and control, and then against Delta and Omikron... For more than two years, China has demonstrated to the world China's efforts and persistence in fighting the COVID-19 with its achievements, and it has also allowed the United States to The so-called "true" news that is being spread loses its persuasiveness. When the epidemic in the United States was out of control, their actions showed their selfishness and disregard for people's lives to the fullest. This even more reflected China's sense of responsibility, let the world see the true face of the United States, and boosted China's influence of the world.
Today, China has made brilliant achievements, and the United States has indeed "contributed" a lot of power to it. What I have listed is only a small aspect of the many US measures against China. I believe that the United States will continue to export "help" to China in the future, but China will treat the hostility of the United States with an independent attitude. After all, China is no longer the weaker it used to be. and now, on the world stage, China can also give the United States sincere help.